What causes PSA levels to be elevated, and is the PSA test helpful in detecting all cancers?
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What is PSA
PSA is a test done to examine men after therapy for prostate cancer to examine if the cancer has reocurred. It is a test to calculate the amount of prostate-specific antigen that is present in the blood. PSA is a protein built by the prostate gland. Men with prostate cancer, inflammation, and prostate infection have a higher amount of PSA level. There is no specific PSA level. In many cases, people with lower PSA levels have prostate disease, and people with higher PSA levels do not have prostate cancer.
How is PSA measured
PSA level calculated by simple blood test and does not need any special preparation. However, the level of PSA in the blood is deficient, and detecting PSA levels requires the latest technology. The PSA protein is present in the blood by independently
PSA mainly combines three substances
- alpha-2- macroglobulin
What causes elevated PSA levels?
People believe that the reason for the elevation of PSA is due to blood flow or the breakdown of the prostate’s cellular structure. People with prostate diseases like prostate cancer have a high level of PSA. Therefore, elevated PSA level works as an indicator of the presence of prostate problems like cancer.
Some causes of elevated PSA levels
- Size of prostate gland
With age, the size of the prostate gland increases. So it is very typical to have a low PSA level at a young age and a higher PSA level in older men. PSA level also depends on a person’s family background of prostate cancer.
Prostate cancer does not cause any symptoms. Most people with prostate cancer have low levels of PSA. The risk of various diseases increases if the PSA level is higher than usual.
Benefits of PSA test
- PSA tests help to indicate presence of prostate cancer
- Some people prefer to know if they have prostate disease
Is a PSA test helpful in detecting all cancers?
A PSA test usually is a blood test that helps to find the presence of prostate cancer. However, PSA tests do not help detect all kinds of cancers. Instead, PSA tests help to measure the level of prostate-specific antigen that is present in the blood. PSA is generally a protein that forms in the prostate gland.
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