Cancer has become a common problem in today’s generation. It is not a minor problem. The majority of cancers are treated by surgery only. In some cases, medicines and therapies can be effective. People follow a poor diet and poor lifestyle, which is the major cause of cancer. It gives stress and anxiety to a person because the person who is affected by cancer always thinks about cancer only. This thinking gives him pressure and stress.
What does cancer mean?
Cancer is a major problem. It occurs when a large group of diseases has a common thing. In this stage, the normal cells of the body become cancerous cells and start to spread at high speed. The second reason for more deaths in the United States is cancer. Many people believe that cancers are incurable diseases. Many cancers are non-treated, such as HIV- AIDS.
Difference between normal cells and cancerous cell
Normal cells: these cells follow the instructions that genes give. It divides in a controlled manner. It is programmed to die. It does not grow very fast. They are solid organs that stay in one place.
Cancerous cells: Cancerous cells ignore the instructions given by the genes. The division of cancerous cells is uncontrollable. They do not follow the path of death. It grows very fast. They move around and do not settle down in a place.
The development of cancer
Cancer starts with the presence of cancerous cells in the body. The mutation between genes and several genes creates cancer. These cells flow as per the flow of blood in the body. The flow of cells in different parts causes different types of cancer.
How common is cancer?
A study in the USA shows that around 16.9 million people all over the world suffer from different types of cancer. The study was of 2019. Almost 30% of the world’s population is suffering from cancer.
Some common types of cancer
Cancer is very common globally. Some common types of cancer affect the majority of people.
- Breast cancer: common in women. Only a few men are affected with breast cancer.
- Lung cancer: It is mostly common in men. It causes difficulty during breathing.
- Prostate cancer: men are commonly affected by this cancer. This cancer is related to the reproductive tract of males.
- Blood cancer: blood cancer is also very common. It is because of deoxygenated blood. The blood starts to be converted into water.
- Colorectal cancer: Colorectal cancer is related to the digestive tract of a person. The rectal portion is involved in it.
Symptoms of cancer
It is a complicated disease. Cancer does not give any symptoms for many years. It is very difficult to notice the symptoms of cancer. If you notice any symptoms, then it should be a worse condition. You should see a Cancer Doctor in Ludhiana right away. Symptoms for cancer are as follows:
- Weight loss
- Chronic tiredness.
- Severe pain.
- Fever that occurs at night.
- Skin changes
- change the shape and size of moles.
- Lumps or bumps under the skin
- Lumps and bumps persist
- Discomfort in breathing.
If you notice any symptoms, then visit the best doctor at the best Cancer Clinic in Punjab
Cause of cancer
The other name for cancer is genetic disorder. When the genes that manage the activity mutate with other genes, this mutation creates abnormal cells. These abnormal cells cause cancer in the body. These cells spread abnormality in the body. These abnormalities become cancer after some time.
Diagnose for cancer
Doctors suggest you take different kinds of X-rays. With the help of these X-rays, doctors decide the treatment plan.
- Physical examination
- Blood samples
- Magnetic Resonance Imaging.
- CT scan
- Ultrasound of a particular area.
- Metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG)
- Positron emission test scan(PET)
- Tumor marker test
- Circulating tumor cell test.
- Complete blood count
- Blood protein test
- Genetic test
Treatment of cancer
Doctors suggest different treatments according to the level of cancer. Some treatments like medicines, therapies and surgeries are the only treatment for cancer.
Medicines: Medicines can reduce the risk of cancer.
Therapies: therapies can be beneficial for reducing the cancer risk.
- Radiation therapy
- Hormonal therapy
- Biological response modifier therapy
- Targeted therapy
Surgeries: Doctors mostly suggest surgeries only if the condition is incurable. These are helpful to remove the infected part.
Side effects of cancer
After the treatment, the medicines have some negative effects on the body. The person experiences anemia, fatigue, vomiting, nausea and pain after the treatment.
Patients need to go to well-educated doctors. They will check you and tell you to get the reports of different samples. According to the type of cancer, the doctor will suggest a specialized doctor in that particular field.