Cancer is becoming the most deadly disease; medical science constantly researches treatments to find a flight cancer.
Immunotherapy is an effective cancer treatment. It is also known as biological therapy; It enhances the body’s immune system to fight against cancerous cells.
Immunotherapy can even cure patients who have not responded well to the cancer treatments.
This blog explores Immunotherapy and how it can be groundbreaking in cancer treatment.
Immunotherapy is a revolutionizing cancer treatment worldwide.
IMMUNE SYSTEM AGAINST CANCER
Our body has a strong defense system to fight different illnesses. Typically, it can find changed cells and stop them from growing into something worse. Let’s say that some mutations are too complex for the immune system to eliminate. They bypass our immune system and continue to grow. You can get the best immunotherapy in india to increase the chances of your successful cancer treatment.
Different immunotherapy has different approaches against cancer; it usually restores the immune system to do the following:
- Slows or stops the cancer cell growth
- It halts cancer from spreading to other areas of the body
- Restore the immune system to help locate and destroy malignant cells better.
TYPES OF IMMUNOTHERAPY
Monoclonal antibody and Immune checkpoint inhibitor
We can make monoclonal antibodies in the lab. They boost the antibody of the body or act as antibodies themselves.
Particular antibodies called monoclonal antibodies can help the body fight cancer. They work in different ways. One thing they do is stop specific abnormal proteins in cancer cells from working. It helps to slow down the growth of the cancer cells. It’s like a focused treatment that aims at a specific part, in this case, a protein, to slow down the cancer’s growth.
Another type of Monoclonal antibody inhibits the immune checkpoints, which stops the immune system from attacking healthy cells. Cancer cells can hide in our bodies by activating these checkpoints.
Some immune checkpoint inhibitors
- Nivolumab (Opdivo)
- Dostarlizumab (Jemperli
Tumor agnostic treatment
Some treatments use particular medicines called checkpoint inhibitors. These medicines treat tumors in different parts of the body. If the tumors have specific genetic changes, these medicines can help. This way of treating tumors is called “tumor-agnostic treatment.” It’s a unique approach that doesn’t focus on where the cancer is but on its genetic changes.
This type of immunotherapy helps our body destroy cancer cells. Several kinds of non-specific immunotherapies work in different ways.
Cytokines- These proteins send messages between cells to activate the immune system. Two types of cytokines kill cancer cells:
Interferons- The human body produces these proteins to alert it when a pathogen, especially a virus, enters our body.
Scientists can also create these special cells in a lab. These special cells can make the cancer cells grow slower when they enter us.
Interleukins- They also act as messengers between the cells. They can raise alerts against cancer pathogens. They are effective in cancer treatments.
ONCOLYTIC VIRUS THERAPY
Oncolytic viruses are a form of immunotherapy that uses viruses to infect and destroy cancer cells. Viruses are particles that infect or enter our cells and then use the cell’s genetic machinery to make copies of themselves and subsequently spread to surrounding uninfected cells.
Currently, the only oncolytic virus therapy used is T-VEC Researchers are trying to find more such treatments.
T CELL THERAPY
T-cell therapy is an immunotherapy that uses changed T cells, like immune system soldiers, to fight cancer. First, doctors take some of the patient’s T cells from their blood. Then, they change these cells to have unique parts on their surface. These particular parts help the T cells target and attack the cancer cells.
Immunotherapy works by stopping the growth of cancer cells or slowing their growth. Immunotherapy has the least known reactions and side effects compared to chemotherapy and radiation. This novel line of treatment involves one’s immunity to stay healthy rather than depending on other drugs and medicines.